How to grow bonsai | bonsai tree care | bonsai vastu shastra | pots

What is a Bonsai Tree?
 
A bonsai tree is a miniature tree that is grown to resemble an aged tree. Different types of trees can be grown and then trained to become a bonsai. The bonsai meaning is a Japanese term that stands for a “tree in a pot”. The bonsai tree history dates back to the years 618-907 in China during Tang dynasty. At this time, it was referred to as penjing meaning tray scenery. Bonsai was generally a form of art that was passed into trees. Tree trunks were used to resemble birds, dragons and other animals.
Later between the years, 1185-1333 bonsai was introduced to Japan. The Japanese used it to create a bridge between nature, the souls and humankind. Keep in mind that bonsai is an art that greatly befits those who appreciate nature, are patient and are artistic as well. Though anyone can put a tree into a pot and take care of it, this cannot make the same tree to become a bonsai. Instead, the grower has to possess skill and vision to prune the roots of the tree, wire its branches and guide its shape and foliage.

A bonsai tree is created from either a seedling or a cutting. It can also be developed from a small tree whose species is deemed fit for a bonsai tree. Any shrub like tree or a tree that has small and needle-like leaves can be used to make a bonsai. The tree is shaped while still young, a practice that continues until it matures. It is usually trimmed with scissors. A copper wire is also used to train the tree into a desired shape and is then removed before it starts biting into the tree.
A bonsai tree also requires special care. To grow it the standard houseplant soil is not used instead the soil used is one that dries faster. The tree therefore has to be watered from regularly to prevent it from withering. It should however not be watered anyhow hence there is a moisture meter that lets the grower knows when it requires water.

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There are usually three common nutrients that are used to grow the bonsai tree. These are potash, phosphoric acid and nitrogen. Chelated iron can also be used as a nutrient. The tree should also be planted in humid conditions. The bonsai can be put in a shallow tray that contains water. Its roots should however not encounter water.

The tree should also be exposed to bright sunlight. It should be placed where it can receive sufficient sunlight. The best thing to do is taking the tree outside and leaving it there for several hours. If the tree cannot get enough sunlight, there is a bonsai tree that can grow well under limited light. If the tree has been pruned recently it should not be exposed to too much sunlight.

A bonsai tree is planted for contemplation purposes. It is therefore not grown for medicinal value for food or landscaping. The practice of planting this tree mainly focuses on nurturing and shaping a single tree until it matures.

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In order to understand a little bit of the background on a bonsai tree, you have to do the little bit of research. A short summary is that back in China, about 1000 years ago, someone decided to create what was called a ‘pun-sai’. On a basic level, this is simply growing a plant in a pot. This triggered what became a nationwide phenomena that we know as the bonsai tree today. In fact, in Japan, when this style of tree growing began to take off, they coined the term Bonsai which in Japanese means “tree in a pot”. Zen Buddhists were actually the ones that brought this from China to Japan, and the traditions and styles that you see today originate from these humble origins

Types of Bonsai Trees 

Bonsai trees are the best plants to use for either open air or indoor improvement in your home. The different kinds of Bonsai trees are adjusted to a wide scope of climatic and climate condition henceforth they can be utilized in practically all pieces of the globe. Here is a point by point portrayal of the different sorts of Bonsai tress accessible.

Outside Bonsai Trees 
 
These are real plants that are ideal for enhancing your yard or the front deck of the loft. Trees right now daylight so as to develop to their full limit. There are two different sorts of outside Bonsai trees to be specific in the name they are: EVERGREEN and DECIDIOUS.. The evergreen sort for the most part doesn't lose their leaves meaning they are exceptionally green throughout the entire year. Then again the evergreen trees lose their leaves at specific times of the year. A few assortments produce blossoms and natural products. Azalea Bonsai is extraordinary compared to other outside blooming trees because of its adjustment to most ecological conditions. Extraordinary cold temperatures may hamper their development consequently the need to develop them in a cool and warm condition particularly during winter.

Indoor Bonsai Trees 
 
These sorts of Bonsai Trees are explicitly generally appropriate for use inside the house because of their great stylish characteristics. They can be formed into various appealing shapes as considered fitting simply like the open air assortments. One of the advantages of these tree species is that they can be planted in limited quantities of soil dissimilar to other indoor trees that require a great deal of root spread to develop well. Anyway one have to routinely water and prune it to guarantee it develops in the necessary shape and size. Give enough lighting in order to advance photosynthesis process produces nourishment for the plant.

Juniper Bonsai Tree 
 
Thought about a solid conifer, the Juniper is a non-blooming bush that makes it the best choice for bonsai tree as a result of it is so natural to trim and train. With quick development styles, you would for the most part observe long, spilling divisions that can be planned in pretty much any bonsai tree configuration barring the sweeper structure.

Japanese Bonsai Tree 
 
These sorts of Bonsai trees are indigenous to Japan and are extremely basic in sanctuaries and gardens in Japan. In the event that you need an explicitly superb bonsai tree, the Japanese White-shaded Wood is the best. This overwhelming bush can grow up-wards to 50-foot high in the incredible however when prepared, it turns into a terrific bonsai tree. The Japanese White-shaded Wood is sporadically framed. It has a great engender and wide yet packed spread. The modest needles of this bush are turned and firm with blue/green tufts on the tips. Different species right now the Japanese Maple and Japanese Black Pine.

Artificial Bonsai Tree
 
Artificial bonsai trees are an interesting decision of style. On the off chance that you are embellishing the house they are ideal for shelves and different racks units. They ought to likewise not be baffled with safeguarded bonsai trees that are bit increasingly costly however it's justified, despite all the trouble in the event that you need quality and a characteristic looking plant. One can look for proficient counsel from a home originator with respect to the best Bonsai Tree to join in a specific setting.

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A bonsai is basically a miniature tree or its version that is planted in a pot mainly for aesthetic purposes. Any tree can be grown and trained to become a bonsai and does not necessary need to be a specific species, however there are some tree species that have been identified as easy to train and manipulate into a bonsai. Growing of bonsai trees is both a science and an art which eludes its origin from china and Japan. This art and science of growing bonsai trees is quite easy and can be mastered by anyoneThere are several basic routines, processes and techniques that you need to understand if you want to master how to grow a bonsai tree. These include.


Choice of bonsai tree

The choice of the bonsai tree you want to grow will be influenced by number of factors including geographical location, climatic zone, size of the tree, purpose of the tree, availability and the propagation method. Basically, you should choose a bonsai tree species that best adapted to your climatic zone, whether it is the tropics, temperate or equatorial climate. The common species of bonsai trees used include Chinese Elm, juniper and Ficus

Bonsai tree propagation
 
Bonsai trees can be propagated through a variety of methods depending on the species and availability of technical knowhow. The basic methods of propagation include:

Beginning from a pre-trained Bonsai – this is especially advisable for beginners or when you have limited time to raise the tree from bonsai tree seeds. You can buy a previously trained tree and provide necessary bonsai care for its growth and maturation.

Propagation from wild plants – it involves searching for wild plants that have been shaped by nature into bonsai. This comes with an additional excitement and stimulation as it is out of the ordinary and personalized.

Seed propagation – bonsai seeds are easily available at bonsai store suppliers. Raising bonsai from seed enables you to raise numerous trees and can be able to monitor every growth aspect of your bonsai.

Cuttings – through these methods, you will be able to obtain a mature branch from a tree of your preferred characteristics and then nature it to develop roots out of which you will get your bonsai tree. This is a bit faster compared to use of bonsai seeds. Other methods include layering and grafting.

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The type of bonsai pot to use depends on the purpose, basically there are training pots and display pots. The size of the bonsai tree also matters. Choose the size that is not too huge or too small for expansion of roots and proper aeration. The pots may be plastic or ceramic as long as it has drainage holes at the bottom.

Bonsai soil
 
Bonsai “soil” is a combination of inorganic and organic compounds meant to provide conducive environment for your tree. The mixture is available commercially for use in potted plants. Alternatively you can prepare your own mixture by mixing sand, loam and organic matter in the ratio of 3:2:1 respectively. The idea is to come up with a well drained and fertile soil.

Location
 
After you have potted your bonsai tree; it should be place where there is enough ventilation, sunlight and favorable temperatures in addition to being where it can be viewed.

Caring for bonsai tree
 
Caring for bonsai tree includes such practices as;
 
Watering – the frequency of watering may differ depending on the weather and species water requirement but basically you should ensure that the soil in the pot is always moist.
Fertilization – apply a 20-20-20- fertilizer weekly ensuring that the soil is moist before each application. Fertilizer is important to keep your tree healthy and vibrant with a predictable growth rate.

Pest and disease control – keep your tree free from pests and diseases by scouting daily and attending to any abnormalities that may arise such as change in leaf color, spots, or reduced growth rate.

Training and pruning – this is the most important practice of bonsai care that brings out its element. Prune your bonsai tree to reduce excessive branches and leaves. Manipulate the tree trunk and branches to acquire a desired shape and form from its young age.

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How to plant your bonsai tree | growing bonsai from seed step bonsai | bonsai for beginners step by step | avocado bonsai step by step
 
Once you have all of your materials, you will want to properly plant your bonsai tree into your pot. There is a specific way that this must be done in order to make sure that the roots are able to grow, and also absorb the nutrients in the soil. Without doing this part of the process correctly, the growth of your bonsai could be jeopardized. Here’s a quick video on how to plant your bonsai and supporting material to help you get the job done right.

So You Want to Plant a Bonsai Tree? I will provide some useful tips that will help you .

Growing a Bonsai tree is a workmanship, and there are a few procedures that you have to follow so your Bonsai tree will be effective. Individuals frequently bomb in their first endeavor at developing bonsai, as they treat the tree as a conventional plant, which obviously it's definitely not.Before you start planting, it is going to be best to read up a bit on bonsai – don’t worry though you don’t need to be an expert, but there are some important points that you will need to know.

It’s also a great idea to visit some of the specialized bonsai nurseries that are around. This way you can see the various types of bonsai trees and get an idea of the style of bonsai that you personally like.


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Once you have made the decision on the type of bonsai tree that you want to grow, you need to plant it in a large pot, or outdoors (depending on your climate and the variety you have chosen), until it has matured. If you go for the planting in a pot option, you need to ensure that the pot is deep enough for your tree. Generally it should be around the same width as the trunk of the tree, so the wider your trunk is, the deeper the pot needs to be.As soon as the tree has matured enough, you can start to style it into a bonsai. This can be best done in its original location, before you move it to its permanent home.

To take the bonsai plant from the original location you will need to loosen the soil that surrounds the roots by using a stick. Take out around one third to half of the soil. You will then need to trim the roots that you have exposed, using scissors or special bonsai tools. The plant or tree can then be put into its new, prepared home. The new pot needs to be filled with relevant potting mixture before the plant is added – you can then decorate the top of the soil with bark, pebbles or moss. Some people love to add little people as well – you can make yourself some beautiful bases for your bonsai.
To keep the bonsai at it’s best, you need to prune it regularly, and make sure that you have watered it enough. There are lots of things to learn about bonsai tree care, but it is a fun pastime, and you can easily pick up lots more tips on how to look after bonsai trees and plants – before you know it you will be quite happy to plant and nurture your bonsai trees and plants.

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On the off chance that you need your bonsai tree to develop appropriately, picking the proper soil is significant. Similarly as with most plants and trees, they require certain supplements which will permit them to develop and stay solid. Right now, will talk about the piece of bonsai trees soil, and furthermore give some additional information on picking the correct kind of pot for your bonsai tree.

Picking The Right Soil And Pot For Your Bonsai Tree

Bonsai Soil Selection


The dirt you decide for your pruned bonsai tree will furnish it with supplements, hold water, and have a significant influence in its general wellbeing. You should locate the correct soil blend on the off chance that you need your tree to flourish.

Both natural and inorganic soil blends are accessible to bonsai tree producers. Natural soil blends are involved dead leaves, peat, bark and other plant parts. Inorganic blends are produced using substances, for example, volcanic magma and earth. Soil blends in with a high inorganic substance can demonstrate better for bonsai wellbeing since they give better seepage and more oxygen to the plant. Soils with a high natural substance will in general hold an excessive amount of water, and their particles separate after some time, permitting less air to arrive at the plant. Great bonsai soil ought to have a blend of various estimated particles, for example, coarseness, sand, and peat, and hold enough water to hydrate the plant between each watering, while at the same time taking into account fitting waste.

Uncommon inorganic soils for bonsai incorporate Akadama, a permeable Japanese prepared earth that, blended in with sand and coarseness, turns into the ideal medium in which to develop pines and other bonsai. You can discover this at a bonsai nursery. Seramis is another kind of terminated mud that is simpler to discover and less expensive than Akadama and can be blended in with peat or bark. It advances root development and is more grounded than Japanese dirt.

Various species require distinctive water, supplements, and soil. Coniferous bonsai, for example, junipers and pines need less dampness, so they need a dirt that holds less water. Tropical blooming plants, on the other hand, will regularly require more water, and subsequently require a dirt that holds water all the more viably. Check with a specialist at a bonsai nursery for a dirt suggestion for your specific bonsai species.

Bonsai Pot Selection


The pot wherein you place your bonsai should supplement the shape and style of the tree. The size, shading, and structure of the compartment should all be mulled over. While you can prepare your bonsai in a casual plate or box, a completely molded tree ought to be shown in a conventional bonsai holder. These are generally clay stoneware that can be coated or unglazed in an assortment of hues and sizes. All bonsai pots ought to have waste gaps in the base to let out abundance water.

Your bonsai pot ought to be impervious to both warmth and cold. Most stoneware pots are terminated to withstand temperature changes. In the event that you realize your bonsai will be found outside in an outrageous atmosphere, it's ideal to choose an unglazed pot. On the off chance that your bonsai will live only inside, you can utilize a porcelain pot, which can loan an exquisite look to a blooming tree.

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Shading is a significant thought. Most bonsai planters pick unglazed, provincial compartments in earth tones for open air bonsai, for example, evergreens and pines, while blooming or organic product bearing trees, for example, brush fruits can be emphasized by a progressively vivid, coated pot. Many like the inconspicuous shades of Japanese mud pots or Chinese red mud pots for trees with green foliage, and blue, green, and white pots for tropical bonsai.

The shape and profundity of the compartment should coordinate the style of the bonsai. Regardless of whether oval, round, or rectangular, the pot ought to be sufficiently profound to oblige inclined trunks or branches, or course style appendages that plunge underneath the compartment's edge.

Step by step instructions to make a Bonsai Tree

Individuals are typically intrigued when they see bonsai trees just because. Some feel that the trees are exceptional smaller person assortments and that is the reason the trees are so little. Be that as it may, bonsai trees are produced using standard assortments of tree.

For the individuals who might want to figure out how to make a bonsai tree there are numerous inquiries. In any case, cheer up, with the correct direction it is conceivable to procure all the abilities and information important to develop wonderful bonsai trees.

The systems required are like those utilized by and large cultivation. Here are 6 different types of strategies that you can utilize.

1. Purchase an instant bonsai. Numerous stores sell what they portray as 'bonsai trees' nevertheless you should reconsider before purchasing from a general store or carport. These are frequently not bonsai trees by any means. In the event that you need a decent example you ought to go to an expert nursery. These bonsai trees can be costly because of transport costs and the period of time taken to develop the tree however it will be definitely justified even despite the venture.

2. Purchase garden focus stock.
There is a tremendous decision of deciduous and coniferous trees accessible at sensible costs. There are a few important things you should check before purchasing. Ensure that the tree is sound and that it has great potential for a bonsai – look at the surface roots, trunk and branches. Pick an example with heaps of branches and a strong trunk. For the fretful sorts it is conceivable to change garden stock to the beginnings of a bonsai in a couple of hours!

3. Develop from cuttings. The preferred position to this strategy is that the tree will look precisely like the parent plant. The opportune time to take cuttings will rely upon the idea of the cutting and you ought to guarantee that you do this work in the correct season. Softwood cuttings are taken from new development in the late-spring while hardwood cuttings are taken from develop development in the harvest time.

4. Develop from seed. This technique requires persistence – a few seeds for example hawthorn can take 2 years to develop! What's more, after germination it will require some investment before the tree is fit to be styled as a bonsai. In any case, it tends to be enormously fulfilling to make your own tree from a seed.

5. Gather from nature. Trees gathered from the wild are called yamadori. You will require the authorization of the landowner before you adopt this strategy however recall that in certain regions it is taboo to gather trees. When gathered, trees should be left for quite a while before beginning as bonsai.

6. Air layering. This is a further developed system and requires some ability so may not be perfect for those beginning in bonsai. Air layering is a moderately fast strategy for growing a bonsai tree as you can utilize a develop branch as a reason for the new tree. A portion of the bark is removed and shrouded in sphagnum greenery to energize the development of roots. Once these are built up the branch is removed and afterward shapes the storage compartment of another bonsai tree.

So these are 6 techniques to make a bonsai tree. Choose which one you need to utilize and afterward have a go!


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